Research Findings

Outcomes of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients Recently Recovered From Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Description:

Key Points

Question: What are the cardiovascular effects in unselected patients with recent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

Findings: In this cohort study including 100 patients recently recovered from COVID-19 identified from a COVID-19 test center, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed cardiac involvement in 78 patients (78%) and ongoing myocardial inflammation in 60 patients (60%), which was independent of preexisting conditions, severity and overall course of the acute illness, and the time from the original diagnosis.

Meaning: These findings indicate the need for ongoing investigation of the long-term cardiovascular consequences of COVID-19.

Source: The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA): Cardiology

Date: 09/12/20

Association of Cardiac Infection With SARS-CoV-2 in Confirmed COVID-19 Autopsy Cases

Description:

Key Points

Question: Can severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) be documented in cardiac tissue of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) autopsy cases?

Findings: In this cohort study of 39 autopsy cases of patients with COVID-19, cardiac infection with SARS-CoV-2 was found to be frequent but not associated with myocarditis-like influx of inflammatory cells into the myocardium.

Meaning: Among individuals with cardiac infection, overt myocarditis was not observed in the acute phase, but the long-term consequences of this cardiac infection needs to be studied.

Source: The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA): Cardiology

Date: 09/12/20

Professional and Home-Made Face Masks Reduce Exposure to Respiratory Infections among the General Population

Description:

This study assessed the transmission reduction potential provided by personal respirators, surgical masks, and home-made masks when worn during a variety of activities by healthy volunteers and a simulated patient. It found that any type of respirator or mask reduced transmission. 

Source: PLOS ONE

Date: 09/12/20

Effectiveness of manufactured surgical masks, respirators, and home-made masks in prevention of respiratory infection due to airborne microorganisms

Description:

This article aims to provide more detailed scientific information regarding the effectiveness and reusability of medical/surgical masks, respirators, and homemade masks.

Source: The Southwest Respiratory and Critical Care Chronicles

Date: 08/28/20

Factors Associated with Cloth Face Covering Use Among Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic — United States, April and May 2020

Description:

This report summarizes the response to the initial White House Coronavirus Task Force and CDC recommendation that persons wear a cloth face covering in public to slow the spread of COVID-19. The study found that "[a]fter the initial recommendation was released, high rates of cloth face covering use were reported in the United States. An increase in the rate of cloth face covering use was observed from April to May and was sustained, particularly among non-Hispanic blacks and other races, Hispanics, persons aged ≤39 years, and persons living in the Northeast."

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date: 09/12/20

Absence of Apparent Transmission of SARS-COV-2 From Two Stylists After Exposure at a Hair Salon with a Universal Face Covering Policy - Springfield, Missouri, May 2020 - July 17, 2020

Description:

This report documents the value of face coverings to prevent the spread of COVID-19: "Among 139 clients exposed to two symptomatic hair stylists with confirmed COVID-19 while both the stylists and the clients wore face masks, no symptomatic secondary cases were reported; among 67 clients tested for SARS-CoV-2, all test results were negative. Adherence to the community’s and company’s face-covering policy likely mitigated spread of SARS-CoV-2."

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Date: 09/12/20

7/2/2020: UPDATE - FDA warns consumers of risk of methanol contamination in certain hand sanitizers

Description:

FDA is warning consumers and health care providers that the agency has seen a sharp increase in hand sanitizer products that are labeled to contain ethanol (also known as ethyl alcohol) but that have tested positive for methanol contamination.

Source: Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Date: 07/13/20

Protective Facemask Impact on Human Thermoregulation: An Overview

Description:

Protective facemasks (PFMs) negatively impacts respiratory and dermal thermoregulation mechanisms of human thermoregulation. This research found relatively minor increases in core temperature directly attributable to wearing PFMs, which suggests that perceptions of increased body temperature may have a significant psychological component or that regional or global brain temperature changes are involved. Modifications in PFM structure, components, and materials might allow for improved heat dissipation and enhanced compliance with use.

Source: Annals of Work Exposure and Health

Date: 09/12/20

COVID-19 Webinar Series - Data Driven Insights on Job Site Activity (June 3, 2020)

Description:

This webinar covered updates from NIOSH and CPWR and a presentation by a representative from PROCORE on the the results of their analysis of recent construction trends and the implications of these trends.

Source: CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training

Date: 06/26/20

COVID-19 Demographic and Economic Resources

Description:

The COVID-19 Hub presents selected Census Bureau demographic and economic data to help guide decision-making during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

Date: 09/12/20

HVAC filtration for controlling infectious airborne disease transmission in indoor environments: Predicting risk reductions and operational costs

Description:

This research finds that recirculating HVAC filtration was predicted to achieve risk reductions at lower costs of operation than equivalent levels of outdoor air ventilation.

Source: Building and Environment

Date: 08/28/20

PROCORE - COVID-19 Insights

Description:

An analysis of aggregate jobsite activity from internal data and publicly available data provides insights into the impact of the pandemic on construction activity. Watch the on-demand webinar.

Source: PROCORE

Date: 07/19/20

Washington State - COVID-19 Risk assessment dashboard

Description:

This dashboard provides an overview of the key metrics and data used by state leaders to assess whether it’s safe for a county to enter a new phase of reopening.

Source: Washington State

Date: 06/07/20

COVID-19 in Austin, Texas: Epidemiological Assessment of Construction Work (April 5, 2020)

Description:

In response to a request from the city of Austin the authors projected the epidemiological impacts of allowing some or all construction work to resume. Authors: Remy Pasco, Dr. Zhanwei Du, Xutong Wang, Michaela Petty, Dr. Spencer J. Fox, Dr. Lauren
Ancel Meyers.

Source: The University of Texas at Austin

Date: 09/12/20

ASHRAE - COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Preparedness Resource

Description:

Direct access to materials, guidance and research from ASHRAE, including the ASHRAE Position Document on Infectious Aerosols (also available in Spanish).

Source: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)

Date: 06/07/20

UC Davis Energy and Efficiency Institute and NEMI White Paper on Ventilation Verification and Optimization in Educational Facilities

Description:

This White paper uses CDC and ASHRAE recommendations along with recent studies on ventilation in schools to develop a plan for ventilation verification. It can be downloaded and was updated June 4, 2020. 

Source: National Energy Management Institute

Date: 09/11/20

NCDHHS - North Carolina Electronic Disease Surveillance System

Description:

North Carolina collects data from several sources and partners to monitor the COVID-19 pandemic in North Carolina. The dashboard contains data from many sources in the state.

Source: North Carolina Division of Health Service Regulation

Date: 06/07/20

Guide on respiratory protection against bioaerosols: Recommendations on its selection and use

Description:

The recommendations stated in this document apply to all people in charge of workers’ respiratory protection against bioaerosols, whether infectious or not. All the recommendations specifically relate to respiratory protection against bioaerosols. For other types of exposure (direct or indirect contact with the body), other means of protection must be considered: wearing sealed goggles or visor, gloves and coveralls, hand washing, vaccination, etc. 

Source: Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST)

Date: 09/12/20

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Beyond Amoy Gardens: Completing the Incomplete Legacy, Clinical Infectious Diseases

Description:

Ignatius Tak-Sun Yu, Hong Qiu, Lap Ah Tse, Tze Wai Wong, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Beyond Amoy Gardens: Completing the Incomplete Legacy, Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 58, Issue 5, 1 March 2014, Pages 683–686, https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cit797

Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases

Date: 09/12/20

Airborne or droplet precautions for health workers treating COVID-19?

Description:

Airborne or droplet precautions for health workers treating COVID-19? Prateek Bahl, Con Doolan, Charitha de Silva, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Lydia Bourouiba, and C Raina MacIntyre; J Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 16 : jiaa189. Published online 2020 Apr 16. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa189

Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Date: 05/12/20

The coronavirus pandemic and aerosols: Does COVID-19 transmit via expiratory particles?

Description:

Sima Asadi, Nicole Bouvier, Anthony S. Wexler & William D. Ristenpart (2020) The coronavirus pandemic and aerosols: Does COVID-19 transmit via expiratory particles?, Aerosol Science and Technology, 54:6, 635-638, DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2020.1749229

Source: American Association for Aerosol Research - Aerosol Science and Technology Journal

Date: 07/19/20

CIDRAP - Commentary: COVID-19 transmission messages should hinge on science

Description:

Commentary by Dr. Lisa Brosseau, a national expert on respiratory protection and infectious diseases and professor (retired), University of Illinois at Chicago. March 16, 2020

Source: University of Minnesota: Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP)

Date: 05/10/20

Rapid Expert Consultation on the Possibility of Bioaerosol Spread of SARS-CoV-2 for the COVID-19 Pandemic (April 1, 2020)

Description:

This rapid expert consultation responds to a request from the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) concerning the possibility that the SARS-CoV-2 virus could be spread by conversation, in addition to sneeze/cough-induced droplets. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25769.

Source: National Academies

Date: 05/10/20

Estimating the burden of United States workers exposed to infection or disease: A key factor in containing risk of COVID-19 infection.

Description:

Study concluded that "The large number of persons employed in occupations with frequent exposure to infection and disease underscores the importance of all workplaces developing risk response plans for COVID-19. Authors: Baker, MG, Peckham, TK, Seixas, NS; PLoS One. 2020 Apr 28; 15(4):e0232452. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232452. eCollection 2020.

Source: PLOS ONE

Date: 09/12/20

Roadmap to Pandemic Resilience (April 20, 2020)

Description:

This roadmap lays out the key concepts behind a pandemic response that massively scales up a program of testing, identifies a phased sectorial approach for mobilizing the economy, responsibilities at the federal level, the role of business, workers, and civil society, endorses proposals from other policy groups, and summarizes recommendations. This report was produced in partnership with The Rockefeller Foundation.

Source: Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics at Harvard University

Date: 09/12/20

NIOSH - Generation and Behavior of Airborne Particles (Aerosols)

Description:

Presentation by Paul Baron, NIOSH Division of Applied Technology. Posted on NIOSH's Aerosols topic page, which covers, for example, measurement, control, and exposure characterization.

Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Date: 05/05/20

NIOSH Science Blog: Understanding the Use of Imported Non-NIOSH-Approved Respirators (4/23/2020)

Description:

This science blog discusses the response to the shortage of NIOSH-approved filtering facepiece respirators, the FDA emergency use authorization, and information about imported respirators.

Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Date: 05/03/20

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